Luang Pu Thuad
Luang Pu Thuat was born 1582 in Suan Chan Village, Chumphol Dustrict,
Sathing Phra in Songkla (Southern Thailand). His parent were Mr. Hu and Mdm. Chan, a poor couple living in the place of Shrentthi
Pan, the wealthy landlord. His parents name their child as PU(meaning crab). One day his parent took PU (still a new born
baby) out to the rice field and before going to the field the made a cradle by hanging a cloth between two trees for the child
to sleep in. After sometime out in the field working, Chan turned around to check out her baby and to her surprise she saw
a large snake curled up around the child cradle. Chan cried loudly in fright and those in the distance as well as Hu quickly
rush to check out what was happening. They found out that a snake had curled up around their baby and was observed by others.
To their surprise, the snake did not harm their child. With the old belief that this snake might be the Buddha created vision,
they prayed to the snake and offered flowers and rice cake. The snake then uncurl itself, spit out a Crystal Translucent Gem
and left the child. In astonishment, the baby was still asleep with a crystal gem that emits rainbow colors beside his neck.
The crystal gem was properly kept and given back to PU when he was grown up. Even today, the crystal ball is still installed
as Wat Phra Kho in Songkla with many stories of its miracles.When PU was seven years old, he was send to stay with Abbot Chuang,
his Bikkhu uncle, at Wat Kudi Luang and further his primary school studies there. Then at 15 he was ordained as a novice monk
and lived with Phra Khru Saddhammarangsi at Wat Sri Ku-Yang (at present in Ranod, Songkla). At the age of 20, he was ordained
as a monk by same as his preceptor. Samiramo the Buddhist name (Chaya) was given to the new monk.
Three years of his monkhood
under the guidance of Phra Khru Ka Derm, he studied Dhamma and Pali Language till its basic introductory is completed. Later
on, he wanted to further his studies of Buddhist scriptures in Ayudhya. After obtaining permission to leave from his preceptor,
accompanied by Mr. Inn the passenger ship owner and they left for Ayudhya. Three days after sailing off the open sea, suddenly
storm and rough sea starts to rock the boat. The boat had to be anchored till the sea becomes calm before proceeding with
their journey again. During this hard times, they had consumes all of the fresh water as well as foods. Out of anger and frustration,
other passengers on board including the owner vented their anger by blaming and cursing Bikkhu PU and exclaimed that he had
brought to them bad luck and wanted to expel him down from the ship. Then Bikkhu PU rose and others look on, he dipped his
foot into the sea to draw a circle. Then he told the sailor to fetch fresh drinking water from the sea from where he had circled
with his feet. The sailor then perform what was told and tasted the water himself, after satisfying his doubts and found to
be drinkable like normal fresh water. Soon after sufficient fresh water were collected and stored for the rest of the journey,
they proceed with their interrupted journey. After realizing the ability of Bikkhu PU, all on board kneeled down to beg their
pardon from him, and the owner invited him to use the boat again on his next trip. When arrived to Ayudhya, Mr. In took Bikkhu
PU to reside in Wat Khae and offered Nai Chan, his servant to follow Bikkhu PU as his close assistant. After business is done
by Mr. In, he left and sailed back to where he had came from.
In Ayudhya while Bhikkhu PU had studied Buddhist scriptures
at Wat Lumbalinavas. During that time the King of Sri Lanka are challenging with the King of Siam to translate all of the
golden alphabets into the Buddhist Scriptures to the correct order within seven days. If all the requested be met and finished
in time, the King of Sri Lanka would then give all of the treasures transported in seven boats to the King of Siam as prize.
Otherwise the King of Siam will have to pay to the king of Sri Lanka he failed.
The King then summoned those learned monks
and persons within the capital city a Ayudhya, no one could meet with this challenge. Six days of anxiety of the King had
passed. At last it was known that a young Bhikkhu named PU or Samiramo with great abilities, and was summoned to translate
all of the golden alphabets into the Buddhist Scriptures to the correct order. The young monk went to the assembly, paying
his respect to Maha Sangha and King, then encountered with seven Brahmins from Sri Lanka.
Bhikkhu PU started to rearrange
the golden seeds into the Dhamma according to Buddhist texts with no difficulties. The 84,000 units of the golden seeds were
all used up except seven seeds left missing. They were Sarn (Dhamma-sangani), Vi (Vibhanga), Dha (Dhatukotha), Pu (PUggala-pannatti),
Ka (Kathavatthu), Ya (Yamaka) and Pa (Patthana) which are the heart of the seven scriptures of Abhidhamma Pitako. The young
monk turned to the seven Brahmins and asked if they had kept the missing golden seeds. When they were given, the complete
rearrangement of golden seeds into Buddhist scripture of Abhidhamma was finished on the 7th day, the Brahmins as the Ambassadors
of King Sri Lanka had then given all the treasures of 7 boats to the young monk but he turned everything away and gave them
all to the King.
Being favorite to King Ekadasaroth of Ayudhya with his knowledge and wisdom, Bhikkhu PU had been bestowed
upon the Sangha title of "Somdej Phra Rajamuni Samiramagunupamacarya" the most higher rank ever given to any other wondering
monk before in the country.
Somdej Phra Rajamuni Samiramagunupamacarya or Luang Pu Thuat had stayed in Ayudhya to have
advised to the King many ways till his old age and then asked for permission from the King to go back his home town. The King
had permitted with a promise to give all the supports requested by Luang Pu Thuat in turns of his virtuous deeds. When Luang
Pu Thuat was back to Wat Phra Khoh, he found the Wat mostly ruined and thus sent a message requesting the support to restore
the temple to the King.
King Ekadasaroth was pleased to respond to Luang Pu Thuat needs, he gave all supports to the said
monastery and graciously issued the Royal Degree on Dedication of Land and People of about 250 families nearby Wat Phra Khoh
as beneficial temple. The Royal Decree was later successive to Wat Khian possession and given to prince Damrong Rajanubhab
in 1913. At present the document was kept in the National Library in Bangkok.
Luang Pu Thuat had spent his life spreading
the Dhamma for benefiting the people without impartiality. Lastly, he took leave from Wat Phra Khoh along with a young novice
to preach Dhamma and helped people at various places in the South up to Malaysia, Singapore and Sri Lanka. His second permanent
residence was at Wat Changhai, Pattani. His date of passing away was not certain.
Through his supernatural power and miraculous
virtues, Luang Pu Thuat manifest through vision and dream seeking to produce the first amulet of him initiated in Wat Changhai
1954. Amulets of Luang Pu Thuat have shown many miracles to individuals carrying it. From there onwards, many batches of his
amulet pendants were produced. The popular one’s have been documented in the book titled "Luang Pu Thuat: The Story
of His Life and Amulets".
Another Miracle Write up.
Luong Pu Thuat became famous during the 16th century when he saved
the people from draught. There was at that time, not enough drinking water, and the weather deteriorate day after day. According
to an account related by villagers, a monk was sighted in a small boat which moving along the river. He was in deep meditation
and prayer. After he’d finished chanting, he lowered one of his leg into the river, and within short while, the
river is filled with clear, clean drinking water. A miracle had happened. This bit of good news spread throughout the province
and to other parts of Thailand. The monk was no other than Luong Pu Thuat himself. The people highly respected and graciously
revered him from then on.
Somdej Phra Puttajarn ( Toh ) Promrangsri
Somdej To was born in 17 April B.E.2331 in the 7th years of Groong Rattanagosin era of King Rama 1st. Even though Somdej To may act rather unfashionably but never capriciously he had been known
as a highly eccentric monk. The legend has is that King Rama the fourth favord him a great deal. it was also known that King
was a true expert on astrology and astronomy to the extent that he could even predict the solar eclipse in advance. The king
together with his son along with the diplematic corps proceeded to WhaKoh in Prachaub and withnessed the solar eclipse - an
event which surprised everyone-concerning his ability in mathematical and astrological prediction.
Before he ascended to the throne he was voted unanimously by the nobility to leave monkhood
and became the King of Siam. Being a keen astrologer, he believed that the birthchart of Prince Issaresrangsarn, his younger
brother, was excellent so he appointed him anohter king called "Phra Pinklauo". It was also believed that the birthchart of
Somdej To was also examined by the king as Somdej To did but the king were displeased with such plagiarism.
According to his birthchart, it was known that Somdej To was a very intelligent and highly
capable monk. At the time that he was born, the "Sri" or special merit was upon his ascendant. This means he would be well-known
and well respected. His Mars would help him in terms of hard work. At the same time his Mars proved that he was simply an
orphan so he turned to Buddhism. His Jupiter happen to be one of the highest point which certainly testifies to the fact that
his intelligence was high whereas his Venus shows that he did not crave for any wealth, Saturn as well as Rahu Proved that
he did not long for any possession and would live very long. His Majesty King Rama the fourth was well known for his prediction
and treatise on astrology. He found that Somdej To's birthchart was amazingly good. In fact it would be far more scientific
to suggest that the moment of conception would be the time when the influence of the planets would be more significant. King
Rama the fourth also put forward his own interpretation for the planets without conflicting with any traditional astrological
beliefs. Those who are interested in astrology may also try to interpret their signs according to King Rama the fourth's interpretation,
they will be surprised that it is accurate and can explain the psychic nature that sees through to their real inner personality.
Judging from the signs as well as personality and character it is believed that Somdej To
had attained a high degree of emlightenment and could perform prescience. Once he was asked in front of a stupa what would
be stuck up inside the niche, he answered "Two frogs" and it turned out that the two frogs could not find the way out. The
niche was then broken apart to let them go. His life was full of meritorius activities and he had been helping the poor all
along. This is why the Thai people do find him a great and respectable monk. Somdej Puttajart (To) was known to be a sagacious
and intelligent monk and yet his conduct was rather eccentric. No one would act the way he did. At one time his disciples
quarreled with each other and were about to use violence, if he should stop it, it would be natural but he did otherwise.
He simply went to see the disciples bringing along candles and joss-sticks and prostrated himself, gave the disciples a deep
bow and said "You all are very great. Allow me to be your simple disciple"
The disciples, upon seeing this, stopped the quarrel right away. Somdej Puttajarn (To) made
another bow and said:-"I did not manage well and it's not your fault. Please put the blame on me." Somdej Puttajarn believed
in the Buddhist way of conquering anger with non-anger. Once his disciples were playing Takraw, a ball of woven ratten strips.
upon learning this incident he went up there with clothing folded upon his head and said "May I join this game." The players
immediately stopped playing and there was sense of guilt among them. He often exchanged ideas and opinions with foreign missionaries.
Once he was asked where the poles of earth are. He took the missionary to the ground and pointed at it. saying "It is right
here". The missionary then asked him how he knew about it. He said the earth is round and if we draw the line across the earth
it would simply be here with is another pole.
There had been a saying concerning him that he resided in AYUTTHAYA,came to stay at CHAIYO,
grew up in WATINDRA dad keeps Buddist precepts at WATRAKHANG, denoting several places where he had lived. He built up Luand
Poh To, a hugh image, at Wat INDRA but he passed away before the construction was completed. As for Buddha images that he
created, it is believed that he should have known a number of royally sponsored artists or "Chang Sipmoo" who also helped
him to design these images. His incantation used as magic spell or charm also came from Sri Lanka or Ceylon. People who chant
his incantation are free from any discases and should also be happy with all the praises and blessings. Somdej Puttajarn (To)
also translated and adapted the verses from Pali into Thai.
The stories and legends concerning Somdej Puttajarn seem innumerable, especially known to
be the king of all little Buddha images. Chao Phrya Srisuriyawongse (Cuang Bunnag) who had been Regent for some 5 years before
King Rama the fifth became of age so his duty and work expired. The Regent was then raised to the position of Somdej Chao
Phrya Barommahasrisuriya-wongse. However, the legend has it that he might betray the King which had been untrue. Somdej Puttajarn
To walked with torch lit up during day time and went over to see the Regent asking directly "is it true of not true? If it
should be true, i would ask you to stop it right away." The regent, ofcourse, agreed to end such rumor.
Somdej Puttajarn had been very familiar with the Regent who asked him to give sermons from
time to time. His sermons were full of examples and stories which today still remain easy for understanding. He was very sagacious
and highly intelligent in the sense that he was truly a genius. When King Mongkut ascended to the throne at the age of 69,
Somdej Puttajarn (To) was then 81 years old and became Puttajarn, an ecclesiastical title, for 3 years or so. He was then
in the autumn of his life and asked a monk called Phra Puttabatpilan (Tad) to be the abbot of the monastery. M.L.Phra Maha
Swang and Prom Suddipong drew some 21 scenes of pictures covering Somdej Puttajarn (To)'s lifetime based upon the explanation
given by 88 years-old Chao Khun Phra Thammatavorn (Chang) as follows:- Once Prince Duang, King of Cambodia, graciously invited
him to give a sermon. On the way to his residence, there were many tigers around. So he asked the tigers to take full rest,
not harassing the people anymore. He journeyed to the prince's palace on a palanquin instead of being driven by cart led by
buffalos or cows since he did not prefer that type of journey.
The sermon was then given to the prince and Cambodian people concerning unity. King Mongkut
was pleased with this sermon. Somdej Puttajarn (To) decided to buld a monastery called Kettuchaiyo. The construction was assisted
by King Mongkut and Prince Pinklauo as well as foreign residents such as Indians,Farang,Cambodian,Lao,Mons and Chinese. This
monastery become famous and was visited by a large number of people all the time. It had been widely known that Somdej puttajarn
(To), former about of WatRakhang, and King Rama the fourth who had been a monk also for a long time, had known each other
well. When the king ascended to the throne, he would allow the Somdej to do what he liked and always found him a sagacious
monk. Once King Rama the fourth held a boat decoration contest where different state agencies sent beautiful boats for the
occasion Somdej Puttajarn also came in an ordinary boat, with a monkey staying there.
The King certainly found that the Somdej would never enter the contest since he was a monk
who desired no power nor any other worldly things. Thai monks could merely have four pieces of personal belongings and could
not amass wealth. Therefore he could never enter a decoration contest. He put the money on the boat to prove that such contest
was nonsensical. The King could defrock him since it was in the days of absolute monarchy. In the past he already defrocked
Phra Pavana of Thonburi. The King and the Somdej had a very good relationship for over a long time. Once the king graciously
gave him a beautiful boat and asked that he should use it to go around giving sermons. But the boat was a big one so the people
started calling him Somdej To or Somdej Big.
A couple of years later the Somdej passed away amidst sorrow and despondence among the people
. What is most interesting is the legends about him that are still talked about even today.
Luang Phor Daeng Wat Kao Bandai-It
In Pethburi province in the south eastern
part of Thailand; there was one famous Buddhist teacher with efficacious talisman, known
as Luang Phor Daeng. Daeng was originally born in a poor peasant family. Throughtout his whole life from a commoner, to becoming
a monk, a Buddhist master and to eternity, the people called him as Daeng. Daeng mean red, his intention of not changing his
name throughtout his life was to commemorate the name given by his parents. Due to poverty his parents counld not send him
to school. At the age of 20, Daeng had to be a productive member of hid fsmily. By then his parents need not have to take
care of him. As such they were able to make a living with the ease of heart. From then on, his parents took the opportunity
to enroll him in Buddhist school(In those days Buddhist schools in Thailand
rural areas also teach educational studies)
A years later when Daeng was 21 and because
of the influences of Buddhist culture, he was then ordained as a monk. In 1899 a new life begins for Daeng. In the 38 years
of monastic life of self-modification and cultivation, Daeng like other Buddhist teachers lived a calm and quiet life in the
sounding bells of dawn and evenings and the recitations of Buddhist literatures. It was then 1936 that Luang Phor Daeng became
popular especially when he used his acquired Buddhist teachers to save all beings. In the Pethburi province a plaque had suddenly
hit the villagers. Many domestic animals contracted epidemic diseases. Cows could work and domestic animals could not used
as food. Those seriously ill were not saved in time. The villagers panic and were helpless. Seeing the plight of the villagers,
Luang Phor Daeng came to the rescue, he then used his acquired skills to pray and seek help from heaven.
Daeng made out many talismans for the farmers,
instructing them to place the charm into the cages. True enough each of these talismans have magnificent powers. As a result,
Luang Phor Daeng became popular, because the effect of the talismans managed to overcome all disasters. News spread and farmers
from neighborhoods also came to ask for the merciful and special talismans. From that day on, Wat Kao BanDai-It the temple
in which Luang Phor Daeng stayed flourished. Worshippers and devotees came pouring in with offerings. Such were his deeds
and benefits to the ordinary people that earned him the reputation which traveled far and wide.
In 1959, Luang Phor Daeng was conferred
the title of Buddhist fan by the present King of Thailand.(Buddhist fan represent the rank and grade of contributions canferred
to Thailand Buddhist teachers) He was also conferred the Buddhist title of PhraKu YanWeiLa.(PhraKu means a Buddhist teacher
who has sufficient degree of knowledge in Buddhism, capable of preaching to others the Buddhist scriptures.) Since then, the
Buddhist title of Luang Phor Daeng was further respected and known by the people.
There are many legends regarding Luang
Phor Daeng and they are truly immortal and happy stories. Since 1959, after Luang Phor Daeng was given the title and Buddhist
fan by the King; Luang Phor Daeng had already distributed pendants to the general public. A total of 19 types of pendants
that were made by Luang Phor Daeng.
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